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en:help:v2:orientation [2016/05/22 12:04]
alpinequest
en:help:v2:orientation [2018/03/07 12:59] (current)
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-<​sub>​[[en:​help|Online Help]] > [[en:​help:​v2|AlpineQuest 2.x]]</​sub>​+<​sub>​[[en:​help|Online Help]] > [[en:​help:​v2|AlpineQuest 2.x]] > Orientation & Compass</​sub>​ 
 ====== Orientation & Compass ====== ====== Orientation & Compass ======
 +\\
 +The compass feature uses the magnetic sensor of your device (if available) to give you orientation information.
  
-The compass feature uses the magnetic sensor of your device (if available) to give you helpful orientation information. +To turn on the compass, you can either: 
- +  * Long-press the ''​"​**Compass**"​'' ​{{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}} ​menu icon
-This feature is composed of a sub-menu providing a fast access to few controls and settings, and a dedicated window with more details and information. +  * Tap the sub-menu toggle {{:​icon_03.png?​nolink}}.
- +
-{{ :​en:​help:​1.4:​orientation:​submenu.jpg?​nolink}} +
- +
-To turn on the compass ​feature, you can either: +
-  * Long-press the "**''​Compass''​**" ​menu button ​{{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}};​ +
-  * Click on the sub-menu toggle {{:icon_03.png?​nolink}}. +
- +
- +
-===== The sub-menu ===== +
- +
-Click on the "''​**Compass**''"​ {{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}} menu button to display the sub-menu, composed of the following items: +
-  * The "​**''​Compass details''​**"​ {{:​icon_02.png?​nolink}} button opens the compass details window; +
-  * The "​**''​Compass toggle''​**"​ {{:​icon_03.png?​nolink}} lets you turn on or off the compass feature easily; +
-  * The "​**''​Display compass''​**"​ {{:​icon_04.png?​nolink}} check-box controls either or not to display a compass {{:​icon_08.png?​nolink}} on the map; +
-  * The "​**''​Rotate the map''​**"​ {{:​icon_05.png?​nolink}} check-box controls either or not to rotate the map based on the compass north to match the real direction you are looking at; +
-  * The "​**''​Current heading''​**"​ {{:​icon_06.png?​nolink}} check-box controls either or not to display an information box {{:​icon_07.png?​nolink}} on the map with your current heading. +
- +
-{{:​icon_help.png?​nolink}} You can un-check both "​**''​Display compass''​**"​ and "​**''​Rotate the map''​**"​ check-boxes to display a small current heading arrow {{:icon_09.png?​nolink}}.+
  
-{{ :en:help:1.4:​orientation:​on-map-items.jpg?nolink }}+{{ :en:help:v2:​orientation:​submenu.jpg?​nolink}}
  
 +The ''"​**Compass**"''​ {{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}} menu icon color lets you know the current state:
 +  * When the icon is white, the ''"​**Compass**"''​ is turned off. Long-press the button to turn it on;
 +  * When the icon is green, the ''"​**Compass**"''​ is turned on. Long-press the button to turn it off.
  
-===== The menu icon =====+\\
  
-The "''​**Compass**''"​ menu button {{:icon_01.png?​nolink}} ​color lets you know the current state:+===== The compass menu ===== 
 +\\ 
 +Tap on the "''​**Compass**''" ​{{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}} ​menu button ​to display the compass menu, containing the following items: 
 +  * The "''​**Compass**''" ​{{:icon_02.png?​nolink}} button opens the compass view; 
 +  * The "''​**Compass toggle**''"​ {{:icon_03.png?​nolink}} lets you turn on or off the compass easily; 
 +  * The "''​**Rotate the map (using compass)**''"​ {{:icon_04.png?​nolink}} check-box controls either or not to rotate the map based on the compass north to match the real direction you are looking at; 
 +  * The "''​**Display compass on the map**''"​ {{:​icon_05.png?​nolink}} check-box controls either or not to display a compass {{:​icon_08.png?​nolink}} on the map; 
 +  * The "''​**Current heading**''"​ {{:​icon_06.png?​nolink}} check-box controls either or not to display an information box {{:​icon_07.png?​nolink}} on the map with your current heading.
  
-{{:en:help:1.4:​orientation:​menu-off.jpg?​nolink}} ​When the icon is white, the "''​**Compass**''" ​is turned offLong-press the button ​to turn it on.+{{:icon_help.png?​nolink}} You can un-check both "''​**Rotate the map (using compass)**''"​ {{:icon_04.png?​nolink}} ​and "''​**Display compass on the map**''" ​{{:icon_05.png?​nolink}} check-boxes to display your current [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Field_of_view|field of view]] {{:​icon_09.png?​nolink}}.
  
-{{:en:help:1.4:​orientation:menu-on.jpg?​nolink}} ​When the icon is greenthe "''​**Compass**''" ​is turned on. Long-press the button to turn it off.+{{:icon_help.png?​nolink}} You can replace the field of view {{:icon_09.png?​nolink}} display by a heading line {{:icon_10.png?​nolink}} ​from the main application [[en:​help:​v2:​settings|settings]]under "''​**Current heading display**''"​.
  
 +{{ :​en:​help:​v2:​orientation:​on-map-orientation.jpg?​nolink }}
  
-===== The details window =====+\\
  
-{{ :en:help:1.4:​orientation:​compass_view.jpg?​nolink}}+===== The compass view ===== 
 +{{ :en:help:v2:​orientation:​compass-view.jpg?​nolink}} 
 +\\ 
 +The ''"​**compass view**"''​ contains the following information:​ 
 +  * The ''"​**direction to the north**"'',​ pointed by a red arrow {{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}}. 
 +  * The ''"​**precise heading**"''​ arrow {{:​icon_02.png?​nolink}},​ when this one is between -20° and +20°, including mils graduation;​ 
 +  * A ''"​**pitch and roll**"''​ level {{:​icon_03.png?​nolink}},​ helping you to keep the device flat; 
 +  * The ''"​**magnetic declination**"''​ at your current location {{:​icon_04.png?​nolink}},​ see below for more details; 
 +  * The ''"​**direction to the target**"'',​ pointed by a green arrow {{:​icon_05.png?​nolink}},​ if a location is set as target.
  
 +\\
  
-==== Compass view ====+==== Magnetic declination ​==== 
 +\\ 
 +A magnetic compass points the ''"​**magnetic north**"''​ (the top direction of the magnetic field) which is different from the ''"​**true north**"''​ (the top direction of the map, also called ''"​**geographic north**"''​ or ''"​**map north**"''​).
  
-The "**''​compass view''​**" {{:icon_01.png?​nolink}} is a graphical representation of the true (geographic) ​north directionpointed by the red arrow.+In order to give you the direction of the true north, the application tries to compute the ''​"**magnetic declination**"'' ​{{:icon_04.png?​nolink}} ​(also called ''"​**magnetic variation**"''​),​ which is the angle difference between the magnetic north and the true north, ​at your current location. It's usually just a few degrees, but may be more if you're close from a pole.
  
-It also gives you the following information:​ +To compute ​this value, the application needs to know your physical location. It will first try to use the GPS location or the network based location if available, otherwise it will use the location displayed ​at the center ​of the mapWhen turning on the compassbe sure to points ​the map over your approximate ​current location ​to get a correct declinationin case your GPS location is not known.
-  * The **precise heading** arrow {{:​icon_02.png?​nolink}},​ when this one is between -20° and +20°, including mils graduation;​ +
-  * The **heading** ​value {{:​icon_03.png?​nolink}}which is the angle between ​the geographic north and the current direction you are looking ​at (the direction ​of your device); +
-  * A **pitch and roll** level {{:icon_04.png?​nolink}}helping you to keep the device flat; +
-  * The **magnetic declination** at your current location ​{{:​icon_05.png?​nolink}}which is the difference between the magnetic north and the geographic north. The application uses either the last known location of your device if any, or the screen center ​location. This value is computed each time you activate the compass.+
  
 +\\
  
-==== Target and navigation ​====+===== The compass settings ​===== 
 +\\ 
 +By default, the compass has a moving rose and graduations {{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}} (the ''"​**Topochaix**"''​ style). You can change it to a moving needle with still graduations {{:​icon_05.png?​nolink}}:​ 
 +  * Tap on the ''"​**Settings**"''​ {{:​icon_02.png?​nolink}} icon to open the settings dialog; 
 +  * Tap on the style list {{:​icon_03.png?​nolink}} and select ''"​**Standard**"'';​ 
 +  * Tap on ''"​**Ok**"''​ {{:​icon_04.png?​nolink}}.
  
-When a location is set as target, the compass view can be used as a navigation tooland the following information is given:+If you need the magnetic north direction instead of the true northor if you believe that your device already applies ​the declination offset {{:​icon_06.png?​nolink}}you can turn this computation off: 
 +  * Tap on the ''"​**Settings**"''​ {{:​icon_02.png?​nolink}} icon to open the settings dialog; 
 +  * Un-check ''"​**Compute declination to get true (geographical) north**"''​ {{:​icon_07.png?​nolink}};​ 
 +  * Tap on ''"​**Ok**"''​ {{:icon_04.png?​nolink}}.
  
-  * The **name** ​{{:icon_01.png?​nolink}} of the target, if any; +{{ :en:help:v2:orientation:​settings.jpg?nolink }}
-  * The **direction** {{:icon_02.png?​nolink}} of the target, from your current location, pointed by a green arrow; +
-  * The **absolute bearing** {{:icon_03.png?​nolink}} of the target, which is the angle between the geographic north and the target, at your current location; +
-  * The **distance** {{:icon_04.png?​nolink}} ​of the target, from your current location.+
  
-{{:​icon_help.png?​nolink}} All these figures are computed from the map center location. Be sure that it's correctly located on your current location, either by moving the map manually or by locking the GPS location on it.+\\
  
-When you move towards one direction, be sure to orientate your device correctly so that the **lubber line** {{:icon_05.png?​nolink}} matches your forward direction. In this case: +===== Problems with the compass ===== 
-  * The azimuth value displayed under the lubber line is your **heading** {{:icon_06.png?nolink}}; +\\ 
-  * The **relative bearing** {{:​icon_07.png?​nolink}} of the target is displayed, which is the angle between your heading and the bearing ​of the targetat your current location.+**Compass won't turn on**\\ 
 +{{ :en:help:v2:​orientation:​sensor-error.jpg?nolink}} 
 +If you can't turn on the compass, it means that your device doesn'​t have a built-in magnetic sensor, which is required to get the direction of the north. Recent versions ​of the application display this message when this case occurs:\\ 
 +Note that you can still use the map rotation using the GPS (if available)from the [[en:​help:​v2:​geolocation|Positioning]] menu.
  
-{{ :en:help:1.4:​orientation:​compass_target.jpg?nolink }}+**Compass gives incorrect direction**\\ 
 +When using the application compass (just like with mechanical compass), be sure to handle your device in the horizontal position, the screen facing the sky.\\ 
 +If you still get a wrong direction, it usually means that the magnetic sensor needs to be calibrated. This is fast and easy: 
 +  * Turn on the compass; 
 +  * Rotate your device in the air in all directions;​ 
 +  * Done! 
 +{{ :en:help:v2:​orientation:​problems-declination.jpg?​nolink}}
  
 +**Wrong magnetic declination**\\
 +If calibrating the compass doesn'​t help, or if you see a strange constant offset in the direction, check the magnetic declination {{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}}. As explained above, the application needs to know your approximate current location to compute a valid magnetic declination. Most of the time you just need to be sure that the map points your current location to fix your problem.\\
 +If you still believe the computed declination is incorrect or already applied by your device, you can turn off this computation as explained in the settings sections.
  
-==== Compass settings ====+**Inverted poles**\\ 
 +On some devices, when changing the screen orientation of 180° (jumping to the opposite screen orientation,​ ie landscape right to landscape left without the intermediate portrait orientation),​ the compass direction is inverted. Be sure to always select the portrait orientation,​ even temporarily.
  
-Click on the compass "**''​Settings''​**" {{:​icon_01.png?​nolink}} button ​to open the settings dialog.+**Sensor issues**\\ 
 +In addition ​to the magnetic sensor, your device may use other sensors to compute a precise and noiseless north direction. Some sensors may not work or may not be as reliable as expected on some devices and some may be wrongly reported as available. In some cases, changing the default orientation computation method may provide a better accuracy.
  
-If desired+To do so
-  * Click on the "**''​Sensor''​**" {{:icon_02.png?​nolink}} ​list to request orientation updates from another sensor, if your devices has various sensors. Depending on the device, each sensor can be more or less precise, responsible and noisy+  * Tap on the ''​"**Settings**"'' ​{{:icon_01.png?​nolink}} ​icon to open the settings dialog
-  * Un-check the "​**''​Moving rose and graduations''​**"​ {{:​icon_03.png?​nolink}} ​check-box to display the compass with a fixed background rose and moving needle ​{{:​icon_04.png?​nolink}}.+  * Tap on ''​"**More**"​'' ​{{:​icon_02.png?​nolink}};​ 
 +  * Tap on the currently used ''​"​**Sensor**"'' ​{{:​icon_03.png?​nolink}} and choose another one; 
 +  * Tap on ''"​**Ok**"'' ​{{:​icon_04.png?​nolink}}.
  
-{{ :en:help:1.4:​orientation:​compass_settings.jpg?nolink }}+The list of available sensors depends on the device and system version, but usually contains: 
 +  * ''"​**ROTATION_VECTOR**"''​ which uses the ''"​**magnetometer**"'',​ the ''"​**accelerometer**"''​ and the ''"​**gyroscope**"''​ sensorsWhen available, it usually provides the more precise value; 
 +  * ''"​**MAGNETIC_FIELD**"''​ which uses the ''"​**magnetometer**"''​ and the ''"​**accelerometer**"''​ sensors; 
 +  * ''"​**ORIENTATION**"''​ which uses a device-dependent internal computation.
  
 +{{ :​en:​help:​v2:​orientation:​problems-sensor.jpg?​nolink }}

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